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  • How to choose compression socks?
  • Post author
    Charlotte Isla

How to choose compression socks?

How to choose compression socks?

Compression socks are used to provide compression and support in conditions related to venous insufficiency or oedema. Compression socks are graduated and this means they exert the greatest degree of compression at the ankle, and the level of compression gradually decreases up the garment.

 

Which compression level?

The degree of compression is measured in mmHg at the angle where the maximum compression is provided. The higher the number, the greater the compression is. If you are new to compression socks, it is a good idea to start low and gradually work your way up the compression level. As always, consult with a doctor to determine which compression level works best for you.

Liners (10 mmHg)

·       Suitable for those starting out with compression therapy who are unable to tolerate low compression.

 

Liners can be layered to provide higher

levels of compression (for example a double layer of 10 mmHg will provide compression equivalent to 20 mmHg)

Low Compression (14-17 mmHg)

·       Superficial or early varicose veins

·       Varicose veins during pregnancy

Medium Compression (18-24 mmHg)

·       Varicose veins of medium severity

·       Treatment of, and prevention of the recurrence of, leg ulcers

·       Mild oedema

·       Varicose veins during pregnancy

High Compression (25-35 mmHg)

·       Gross varicose veins

·       Post-thrombotic venous insufficiency

·       Gross oedema

·       Treatment of, and prevention of the recurrence of, leg ulcers

 

Knee-high or thigh-high?

Studies were done to compare knee-high and thigh-high graded compression stockings in regards of deep vein thrombosis prevention in medical and surgical patients. It was concluded that there is no significant difference in the length of compression stockings when used for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis. It was also suggested that knee-high compression stockings should be the first choice for the deep vein thrombosis prevention in medical and surgical patients. Knee-high stockings are more comfortable, easier to apply, and wearing them increases patients' compliance with treatment. Knee-high stockings are easier to size for limb measurement than thigh-high compression stockings. Thigh-high compression stockings may create a tourniquet effect and cause localized restriction when rolled down.

 

Closed-toe or open-toe?

Open-toe socks are great for wearing flip flops or sandals. Especially during the warmer months, the exposure to your toes will have your feet breathing much better. If you experience discomfort with tightness on your toes or have any structural toe conditions, the open toe option will allow more freedom of motion for your toes. In regards to toe comfort, open toe compression stockings are also an ideal choice if you have a rather larger shoe size to prevent your toes from feeling cramped.

  • Post author
    Charlotte Isla